The major types of farming in Australia are cereal, fruit, veg, sugar cane, beef, dairy and sheep.
Wheat and other grain crops are spread fairly evenly across New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia and Queensland. Drilling begins as early as mid-March and harvest in mid-November to mid-December, depending on the region of Australia.
Fruit & Veg
Seasonal work such as fruit picking is proving to be a fantastic method for backpackers to work on the road all year round. Due to the vast size of Australia the fruit picking seasons vary between areas. New South Wales and Victoria seasons are predominantly from November to April with the main harvest reaching a peak in February. Fruit picking work can be found all year round in Queensland, Tasmania, South Australia and West Australia.
Queensland, New South Wales and the Northern Territory are Australia’s main beef cattle producers. The north of Australia, where most of the big cattle stations are found, has a distinct wet and dry season. The dry season between May and October is the time for mustering, an extremely work intensive period when experienced workers are of high demand.
Most dairy farms are found in the southern states, predominantly in Victoria. Some farmers milk all the year and others have a specific season which means that all their cows are calving at the same time of the year. The busiest times of the year are from late-July to late-May.
Sheep stations are usually in the south-east or south-west of the country. February is the usual shearing start time and mustering begins at least a month before. The three busy times in the year are shearing (February, March, September), crutching (March, April, October) and lamb marking (June, July, August). Lamb marking is the term applied to the procedure of earmarking, castration and tail-docking.
The major types of farming in New Zealand are sheep, beef and dairy, fruit and veg.
The far north-east and south of the North Island, and the Otago and Canterbury regions of the South Island are the main centers of the sheep industry. Sheep work can be found all year round. Shearing is a summer job, sometime between October and January, with November and December being by far the busiest months in most districts. Although shearing is going on in New Zealand a lot more throughout the year since farmers are often shearing their sheep twice a year. Lambing takes place from July to October.
Most beef breeding and finishing is done in the North Island and Canterbury in the South Island. Calving is mostly around September.
Dairying is New Zealand’s largest industry and one of the fastest growing. A lot of dairy farms are located in Northland, Waikato, Bay of Plenty, Lower North Island, Canterbury and Southland.
Cows are grazed outside all year which offers a wide selection of tasks. Dairy industry has by far the greatest number of work for all levels of experience. Calving begins in July or August.
Fruit & Veg
During the spring (Sept-Nov) Bay of Plenty and Hawkes Bay in the North Island are in high demand for seasonal workers for a wide variety of fruit and veg. Nelson, Marlborough and Otago in the South Island also have a demand for seasonal workers during the spring too.
During the summer (Dec-Feb) Hawke’s Bay, Bay of Plenty, Malborough and Otago are in high demand for seasonal workers.
During the Autumn (Mar-May) Hawke’s Bay, Bay of Plenty and Nelson have a very high demand for seasonal workers. Marlborough and Otago also have a high demand for workers.
During the winter (June-Aug) Bay of Plenty is in very high demand for seasonal workers as well as Marlborough in the South Island.
The major types of farming in Canada are cereal, beef and dairy.
The growing season starts in May and ends in October. Spring cereals are planted throughout Canada from May to June, and harvested from August to October. Winter cereals are planted from September to November in eastern Canada and along the U.S. border in the Prairie Provinces and harvested in July and August.
Calves are born in March and April. Feedlots range in size from a few hundred head capacity to very modern operations feeding over 40,000 animals at one time. A large proportion of Canada’s cattle farms are located in Alberta and Saskatchewan, so plenty of work can be found here.
A very large proportion of Canadian dairy farms are located in Ontario and Quebec and plenty of dairy work can be found here all year round.